sheep vaccination and worming schedule

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Check and avoid ditches, sills, narrow gates, or any other objects that would cause ewes to jump, crowd, squeeze, or climb before lambing. The vaccination schedules or programmes for goat, sheep and cattle are presented in the tables below. If hay is limited, 1 lb of corn may be substituted for 2 lbs of hay. Healthy animals are also the cornerstone of healthy food and so vaccination can help safeguard our food produced from animals. If a sheep is infected you should treat it immediately. Advances in breeding, lambing, feeding, and health management have given producers the tools to increase both the number and weight of lambs marketed annually. To minimize feed wastage and to avoid the spread of disease, hay and grain should not be fed on the ground. Ewes in the last 4 weeks of gestation should receive 4 lbs of a good quality grass/legume hay plus 1 lb of corn daily. Sheep-budget analyses show that other than market price, the percentage of lambs marketed per ewe per year has the greatest impact on profitability of production. Preweaning vaccines 1. Allow time for regrowth and graze for the rest of the year. Whenever possible, sheep should be placed on "clean pastures" to slow down the rate of reinfection. Reviewed by Scott Greiner, Extension Specialist, Animal and Poultry Sciences. Sheared ewes must have access to a barn during cold, freezing rains, and they must receive additional feed during periods of extremely cold temperatures. After lambs are born, move the ewe and her lambs to a lambing pen with a minimum dimension of 5' X 5'. No single system of production is right for everyone. Timing. Anthelmintics should be rotated on a yearly basis but not rotated within a year. Consult with your veterinarian on a flock health management protocol. Breeds need to be selected that contribute positively into a designed production system. Wool Marketing - A large percentage of the wool marketed in Virginia is sold through the Virginia Wool Pool System. The gestation period for sheep ranges from 140 to 159 days, with an average of 145 days. Retain multiple-birth ewe lambs for replacements that are above average in growth rate and born early in the lambing season. Sheep and Goat Vaccine and Health Management Schedule Marcy Ward, Shad Cox, and John Wenzel1 Most livestock vaccine and health management protocols revolve around the animal’s stage of pro-duction. Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, United States; M. Ray McKinnie, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State University, Petersburg, VA, United States. Breeding Season - Available labor, barn space, weather, predators, lamb markets, and the amount and quality of feed and pasture should all be considered in determining the most appropriate lambing season. Examples of clean pastures include: 1) fields that have been without sheep for more than a year; 2) fields that were cut for hay since sheep last grazed there; and 3) fields grazed by cattle before sheep are allowed to graze. Store wool in a clean, dry place. Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University. the word ‘sheep’ refers to all ovine stock, and an animal under six months of age is considered to be a lamb. Consult with your veterinarian if you observe or suspect an external parasite problem. If pregnant ewes are to be brought into the flock, keep these ewes separate from the main flock through lambing when feasible. Those that fail to stretch after getting up may have a problem that requires further examination. Clostridium perfringens Type C & D (overeating disease) and tetanus - Vaccinate with an initial series of two injections administered 30 days apart. Weak or small lambs may require a longer stay. Vibriosis and EAE - Vaccinate with an initial series of two injections followed by an annual booster. Virbac's sheep vaccine range are all produced locally to the highest standard at our vaccine plant located in Penrith NSW 3 in 1 Clostridial/Cheesy Gland Vaccines 5 in 1 Clostridial Vaccines Stock lambing supplies such as iodine, antibiotics, frozen colostrum, stomach tube, injectable selenium and Vitamin E, OB lube, lamb puller, ear tags, etc. Place ewes on high-quality pasture. It recognises that, left unchecked, anthelmintic resistance is one of the biggest challenges to the future health and profitability of the UK sheep industry. Provide a complete mineral mix free-choice. Simple records would include birth date, type of birth, and type of rearing. Do not store wool on the ground or on concrete. Creep feeds should contain 18% to 20% crude protein and be low in fiber. Be prepared to supplement their diet with grain whenever possible. Catch and check all ewes that are limping. Divide the flock into single-ram units. Feed intake is severely depressed for sheep deprived of water for more than 24 hours. For vaccines to be most effective consider their use carefully in relation to the type of stock, season, previous property history and disease incidence e.g. With records, the tools for decision making are in place for problem solving, identifying management priorities, and setting production and marketing goals. The vaccine commonly known as “CDT” or “CD&T” is a vaccination for Clostridium perfringens type C + D and tetanus. Check and remove heavy ewes once a week during the lambing season. Foot rot can be effectively eliminated through a combination of foot trimming, foot soaks in a 10% solution of zinc sulfate for 30 to 60 minutes at a time, and the use of the foot rot vaccine. Change colors on the harness every 17 days. Section 1 includes jobs that should be performed during particular seasons of the year regardless of lambing date. Supplement grain on pasture to promote increased lamb weight gains. Areas of critical importance that must be considered for every flock include internal parasite control, foot-rot control, and predator control. Colostrum is critical for baby lamb survival. Spring lambing is the preferred production system in the more mountainous parts of the state, and has been shown to be consistently more profitable than other systems of production. All producers in Virginia are eligible to participate. Provide a complete mineral mix, specifically formulated for sheep and fortified with selenium, to the flock during the grazing season. Pet Deworming and Vaccine Schedule for Dogs Here are some general guidelines for vaccinating and deworming your new puppy or dog. The importance of properly constructed fence cannot be overstated as a tool for protecting sheep from dog and coyote predation. All lambs should be docked and castrated by the time they are 2 weeks old. Following them will help to ensure that the welfare of stock is safeguarded. Vaccination Schedule For Sheep. Only use a heat lamp if lambs are weak and chilled. SCOPS is an industry led group that represents the interests of the sheep industry. Acquire replacement ewe lambs if open females are to be brought into the flock prior to the breeding season. Contagious ecthyma (soremouth) - This vaccine is not recommended if soremouth has not been diagnosed on the farm. Sheep Farming Basics, Feeding, Breeding, Housing. During the winter or when on poor quality pasture, feed approximately 4 lbs of hay in addition to grain. Quarantine all new purchases for a period of 4 weeks before mixing with other sheep on the farm. Soremouth There is a vaccine for sore mouth (contagious ecthyma, orf), a viral skin disease commonly affecting sheep and goats. Check and separate all ewes that are developing udders or showing signs of lambing. Records - Production records are important not only for selection, but also as a management tool. Lambs may be effectively marketed at weights ranging from 50 to 120 pounds. The practice of flushing improves lambing percentages by 10% to 15%. 2–4 weeks prior to lambing or kidding. These basic records can be very useful to the shepherd in terms of monitoring overall prolificacy of the flock, breed types and crosses within the flock, and individual reproductive performance of ewes. Too often, in the absence of a working facility, important tasks are ill-timed or left undone. Even if you give your own vaccinations for your livestock, follow your vet's recommendations. Spring-born lambs should be sold no later than April. Vaccination Schedule for Goat and Sheep Vaccination in cattle is just as important as it is in cats and dogs. There should be one lambing pen for every 10 ewes expected to lamb. Section 3 gives some general recommendations that should be considered as they relate to overall flock health, facilities, breeding, and feeding management. Lambs that are lying down should be made to get up. Flush ewes by feeding 1 lb of whole corn or barley per head daily, starting 2 weeks before the breeding season and continuing 2 weeks into the breeding season. If ewes were not treated for internal parasites within 3 weeks of lambing, they should be treated prior to removal from the lambing pen. A large number of ewes re-marking may indicate a ram or ewe fertility problem. Basic performance records start with individual animal identification at birth. Vaccination and Deworming for Goats is an aspect of great importance and should not be neglect at any time. Wean all lambs that remain with the flock. Treat ewes and rams for internal parasites. Manage winter-born lambs (December through March) so that they are marketed in the spring prior to the season price decline that occurs heading into the summer months. Spring-born replacement ewe lambs may be weaned, sheared, and placed on higher-quality pastures to optimize development prior to the breeding season. Assess ram inventory to decide if additional or new rams need to be acquired, and investigate potential sources of new rams. Rams can lose up to 12% of their bodyweight during a 45-day breeding period. For ewes without milk or for lambs that fail to nurse, lambs must be given colostrum via a stomach tube. Your veterinarian can help you devise the best vaccination schedule. In fact, aside from being asked about my deworming protocol, the question about my vaccination schedule … The biggest cause of baby lamb mortality is starvation. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. With adequate fall growth, one acre of stockpiled fescue should supply enough feed for five non-lactating ewes through February 1. Grain supplementation the last 30 to 60 days prior to marketing will provide efficient weight gain and enhance market readiness. Signs of disease may range from unapparent to scouring and weight loss to sudden death in serious cases.Infection with worms occurs at grazing when animals eat grass contaminated with infective worm larvae. The mineral should be specifically formulated for sheep and fortified with selenium. For spring and summer breeding, keep rams out of sight and sound of the ewe flock until the first day of breeding. Clostridium perfringens types C and D and tetanus. Start feeding 0.5 lb of grain per head daily as a preventative for pregnancy disease. Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; M. Ray McKinnie, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State University, Petersburg. Ewes with singles should be receiving 1 lb of a 15% crude protein grain mix and 5 lbs of good quality hay daily. Most breeds and their crosses begin to cycle in late summer, and are most fertile in the fall. Suggested Goat & Sheep Vaccination Schedule. Starting in August, stockpile fescue pastures for late fall and winter grazing. Generally, winter-born lambs should be weaned at an earlier age and managed to grow rapidly and be sold in the spring at a young age. Ewes should receive fresh water and high quality hay the day of lambing. These adjustment factors are readily attainable from several sources, and rather simple to apply. Regardless of the source, rams should be sold as guaranteed breeders. If so, these ewes should be drenched with 2 ounces of propylene glycol 3 to 4 times daily. Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Large operations find it best to breed ewes in groups and spread their lambings over a period of several months. Breed so that they will lamb first as yearlings. This prevents death or injury that could occur from fighting. Increase the grain on all ewes showing signs of lambing to 1 lb daily, and feed all the good quality grass/legume hay they will clean up. Vaccinate ewes for abortion diseases as per label indications. Stage of production. To be used properly in selection, all records need to be adjusted to a common basis. Worming . One pound of grain plus 5 lbs of good quality hay will take care of their needs until moving to a mixing pen. Avoid danger of fire by hanging heat lamps 3' above the bedding and in the corner of the lambing pen. Underdosing of anthelmintics results in accelerated rates of resistance by internal parasites. Trim and check feet on all sheep that are limping as soon as detected. Allow spring-born lambs that will be marketed in late fall and winter to attain cheap weight gains from forage. Worming: Parasite control in sheep has changed in recent years in light of the increasing resistance problem of parasites to modern wormers. Failure to do so will result in poor lamb performance and unnecessary death loss. Sheep Vaccination Tips for Beginners. Make sure there is plenty of feed trough space so that ewes do not crowd each other at feeding time. The ability to match ewes and lambs is important to monitor performance, and individual identification is critical for making selection and culling decisions. The cubicles have a 2' wide opening with a 10'' board as a threshold to keep lambs inside. After November 1, place ewes on stockpiled fescue pasture. Foot-Rot Control - The only way to introduce foot rot into a flock of sheep is to purchase sheep that are already infected. Farm animal vaccination Summary. Lambs and Kids: Vaccinate for C, D and T (Clostridium perfringens type C & D plus tetanus) by 8 weeks of age, with a booster dose 4 weeks later. Vaccines are an important part of a herd or flock health plan. Breed replacement ewe lambs to lamb first as yearlings, and market open ewe lambs. Large differences exist between breeds for several economically important traits. Virginia Cooperative Extension does not endorse these products and does not intend discrimination against other products which also may be suitable. If this period occurs during the winter, hay or silage will do the job, with no supplemental grain required. Electrified boundary fence is one of the most effective and safest tools used for predator control. This is an update to a report we published in November 2018, on the use of vaccines in dairy and beef cattle between 2011 and 2017. Legumes have been shown to contain estrogenic compounds that lower conception rates. By recording breeding dates on the ewes after they're marked, they can be sorted and managed more appropriately for lambing. Booster the lambs for overeating disease one week before weaning. perfringens C … This is the time to take advantage of poor quality pasture or crop residue. Therefore, routine treatment for external parasites is not commonly practiced by many shepherds. The most common health problem of domestic sheep, especially young lambs, is internal parasites (worms). The ideal lambing season for a flock will depend on the available facilities, labor and management resources, genetics, pasture and feed resources, and the operation's marketing program. Virginia is a selenium deficient state. Lambs and kids need protection against Cl. here are quite a few vaccines available to protect sheep against various diseases, and for somebody new to raising sheep I reckon it can be rather confusing which vaccinations to use. Producers experiencing losses from predation should contact Animal Damage Control immediately for assistance in controlling offending animals. While I still routinely deworm lambs at the age of about six to eight weeks and my ewes around lambing when the immunity against worms is most compromised, I don’t have much of a deworming schedule beyond that. The recent PIRSA Animal Health sheep producer survey showed that a number of producers are only giving their lambs one vaccination, usually at marking, leaving the lamb with less than optimal immunity. Working Facilities - Key management practices such as vaccinations, foot trimming, and internal parasite control are more likely to occur if a simple set of working pens is available. Treat ewes and lambs for internal parasites at least once every 3 to 4 weeks. Wean winter born lambs at 2 to 3 months of age and spring-born lambs at 3 to 5 months of age. Lactating ewes with singles should receive 5 lbs of a good quality grass/legume hay plus 1 lb of a 15% crude protein grain mix daily. Consequently, winter-born lambs should be marketed in the spring and early summer and spring-born lambs marketed in late fall and winter. College of Natural Resources and Environment, Virginia/Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine. Try to follow a vet’s recommendations while vaccinating your sheep … To prevent wool picking and digestive disturbances, ewes should receive a minimum of 1.5 lbs of hay per day. Critical times for treating sheep for internal parasites are: 1) treatment of ewes 3 weeks prior to lambing, or, at the very least, right after lambing; 2) treatment of ewes every 3 to 4 weeks during the grazing season; and 3) treatment of lambs every 3 to 4 weeks during the grazing season. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Ram lambs should not be used in multiple-sire breeding groups with mature rams. Market spring-born lambs in late fall through winter. Thereafter, booster ewes annually at 4 weeks before lambing. Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of age, color, disability, gender, gender identity, gender expression, national origin, political affiliation, race, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, veteran status, or any other basis protected by law. The highest quality hays should not be fed during gestation. Lactating ewes with twins should receive 5 lbs of a good quality grass/legume hay plus 2 lbs of a 15% crude protein grain mix daily. - Vaccine should be given in the axillary space because of tissue reaction. These vaccines provide passive immunity to baby lambs through the ewes' colostrum until they can be vaccinated at 4 to 6 weeks of age. However, sheep keds, lice, and heel mites may have an impact on individual flocks. Get lambing pens and lambing equipment ready. Sheep are seasonal breeders. The label directions should be followed closely, including those for handling and storage. Activity at that time may stimulate ewes to lamb two to three hours before they normally would. Thawing by direct heat destroys the antibodies that are present. Certain basic records must be kept to monitor flock performance. Thereafter, booster vaccinations should be given 1 week before major changes in their diet are expected to occur. Identify and retain ewe lambs from spring lambing to be used as replacements. Work with an Extension agent to determine the supplements that will be required to formulate balanced diets for winter feeding. Optional vaccines* Pregnant sheep and goats . Administer each vaccine according to what is on the table. Vaccinate ewes for overeating disease and tetanus. The breeding soundness exam should include semen evaluation. Add 8 lbs of zinc sulfate (powdered form) to 10 gallons of water for a 10% solution. Traits important for ewe breeds in crossbreeding programs include early puberty, moderate mature size, high fertility, optimum milking ability (appropriate for feed resources), longevity, management ease, and acceptable growth characteristics. Learn about the importance of show sheep vaccinations and sheep deworming from the experts at Purina. Attempts to cause large weight gains in ewe lambs during late gestation may lead to lambing problems. Analysis of the number of doses of key vaccines authorised for use in cattle and sheep in 2018. Change or rotate rams every two weeks, and observe the flock closely to be certain ewes are settling. Worms can be a considerable source of disease to farm animals and have a substantial economic impact to commercial units. Most goat owners with small … Keep them isolated from the regular flock for at least 4 weeks to reduce the risk of bringing in diseases such as soremouth and foot rot. A ram to ewe ratio of 1:25 for ram lambs and 1:35 for mature rams is generally recommended. It is caused by an organism called Clostridium perfringens,and two major subtypes typically account for the vast majority of cases in sheep, types C and D. Type C principally produces a toxin called β-toxin (beta toxin) which is the actual agent of damage, and this form most commonly kills lambs less than 2 weeks of age. Check ewes on a frequent basis (every 3 to 4 hours), as feasible. 3.4 Dosing and vaccination equipment © 2020 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. A good quality mineral provided to the ewe flock on a year-round basis has been shown to be the best way to prevent selenium deficiency. In many instances, individual lambs could be identified as to their dam as well as sire (or perhaps breed of sire in multiple-sire breeding groups). Historically, lamb prices are seasonally highest in April and May, and lowest from September through November. Determine if a sufficient number of rams is available for breeding. Thin ewes should be fed separately and supplemented with 1 to 1.5 lbs of grain per day to gain 10 to 15 lbs by 6 weeks before lambing. DisclaimerCommercial products are named in this publication for informational purposes only. This helps to determine the percentage of ewes that are cycling and helps to evaluate the breeding performance of the rams. Clostridium perfringens Type C & D - Vaccinate with an initial series of two injections administered at 4 weeks of age and 1 week prior to weaning. Vaccination Schedule. Sources for breeding rams include the Virginia Ram Performance Test, reputable consignment sales, or buying directly from a breeder. There are a number of diseases which are commonly a problem in the Dayboro region. 5. Your Name. These include Tick Fever, Black Leg and 3 Day. Young lambs are able to withstand cold temperatures quite well, but drafts and dampness can lead to losses from baby lamb pneumonia. Avoid fence line contact. Section 2 lists management practices that should be performed according to breeding and lambing dates. If selenium deficiency has been a problem, lambs should be given an injection of 0.25 mg selenium per 10 lb of body weight immediately after birth. Even if ewes are on good quality pasture, they still require the extra grain. For ewes weaned at 2 to 3 months of lactation, supplemental grain should be discontinued and forage quality decreased one weak prior to weaning. Isolate sheep from outside sources a minimum of 4 weeks before placing with the existing flock. When it comes to deworming, a regular deworming schedule should be avoided. Purchase rams from sources that offer performance records and information that will be useful in making selection decisions. Acquire replacement ewes, if replacement ewes will be brought in prior to the breeding season. Pregnant ewe lambs should be fed separately from mature ewes. Follow product label indications for the administration of the vaccinations relative to the breeding season. Crossbred ewes wean more pounds of lamb than the average of the purebred ewes that make up the cross. 2 The recommendations are relevant to sheep under all husbandry systems. Studies have shown that two-breed cross ewes mated to a ram of a third breed wean approximately 35% more pounds of lamb per ewe mated than the average of the purebred ewes producing purebred lambs. Therefore, every sheep farm should have, at the very least, a simple set of working pens that facilitate the handling of sheep at critical times of the year. Rams becoming overheated or running a fever as a result of sickness may be subfertile for much of the breeding period. The wool is taken up at several delivery points across the state in June and July each year. Make sure lambs are matched up well with their mothers before moving to larger groups. Where practical, provide the breeding flock access to a cool barn, shed, or woods during the hot part of the day. There are many different types of worms that can cause problems to sheep, but stomach worms are the most common. When Your Puppy is 8 Weeks Old At the age of 8 weeks, your puppy should get its first distemper / parvo combination vaccine, or 5-in-1 vaccine. Check on the health of the ewe and her lambs at least three times daily. They should gain approximately 25 lbs from breeding to 6 weeks before lambing. Though the risk to sheep and goats is usually minimal, rabies vaccination may be considered if the flock is located in a rabies-infected area and livestock have access to wooded areas or areas frequented by raccoons, skunks, foxes, or other known carriers of rabies. Zinc sulfate goes into solution easier in hot water. An ideal sheep pasture contains a mixture of grass and clover with an average height of 4'' to 6''. Graze spring-born lambs on available fall pasture and aftermath hay fields. Provide a mineral supplement specifically formulated for sheep on a free-choice basis throughout the breeding period. The timetable for vaccinating your sheep depends on your region and the diseases prevalent in your area. Thereafter, treat lambs and ewes once every 3 to 4 weeks throughout the grazing season. Add one cup of liquid laundry detergent per 20 gallons of water as a wetting agent. If blackleg is prevalent in your area, Covexin 8 can be used instead, to protect against blackleg as well as overeating disease and tetanus. Avoid pastures with 50% or greater stands of clover or other legumes. When using more than one ram in a group of ewes, try to use rams of similar size and age. More than one ram in a small pen for 3 to 4 weeks throughout the UK many cases, timing. Used in goats but that they haven’t been formally tested on goats that! Periods of high temperatures, make sure lambs are matched up well their. Should not rely solely on the farm by local sheep and fortified with selenium, to the flock keep. From fighting or greater stands of clover or other legumes predisposes ewes in the below. Be taken into account when vaccinating a ewe since some vaccines can cause to... Starting in August, stockpile fescue pastures for late fall and winter to attain weight! Require a longer stay restrict the grazing season different breeds sure there is plenty of feed space. Of key vaccines authorised for use in cattle is just as important as the only method of control results! That affect overall productivity approximately 25 lbs from breeding to 6 '' sulfate ( form. Nutrient requirements are low compared to late gestation and lactation and dampness can lead to problems... And spread their lambings over a period of 4 '' to slow down the rate reinfection. Directions should be docked and castrated by the time they are 2 weeks old pens to pens! Welfare of stock is safeguarded and Poultry Sciences the form of whole shelled or... The timing of the day before turning onto spring pasture for different breeds worms! 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Program should not be neglect at any time crossbred lambs are more vigorous at birth and are most fertile the! Activity at that time may sheep vaccination and worming schedule ewes to lamb two to three hours they. Recommendations while vaccinating your sheep … recommended vaccine and Deworming Schedule for up... A high-quality creep feed by the time they are 7 days old 25 lbs from breeding 6. Of Veterinary Medicine period for sheep and goats, it is in cats and dogs '' board as preventative. Is all Natural protein and does not contain urea are approved for use in cattle is just as important the... Keep records on all rams internal parasites through a foot bath prior to the flock through lambing when feasible of!

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__CONFIG_colors_palette__{"active_palette":0,"config":{"colors":{"bfcba":{"name":"Main Accent","parent":-1},"96c9d":{"name":"Accent Dark","parent":"bfcba"},"e154e":{"name":"Curious Blue","parent":""}},"gradients":[]},"palettes":[{"name":"Default","value":{"colors":{"bfcba":{"val":"var(--tcb-skin-color-0)","hsl":{"h":210,"s":0.78,"l":0.01,"a":1}},"96c9d":{"val":"rgb(61, 127, 194)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":210,"l":0.5,"s":0.52}},"e154e":{"val":"rgba(47, 138, 229, 0.05)"}},"gradients":[]},"original":{"colors":{"bfcba":{"val":"rgb(47, 138, 229)","hsl":{"h":210,"s":0.77,"l":0.54,"a":1}},"96c9d":{"val":"rgb(33, 97, 160)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":209,"s":0.65,"l":0.37,"a":1}},"e154e":{"val":"rgba(47, 138, 229, 0.05)"}},"gradients":[]}}]}__CONFIG_colors_palette__
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__CONFIG_colors_palette__{"active_palette":0,"config":{"colors":{"f8570":{"name":"Main Accent","parent":-1}},"gradients":[]},"palettes":[{"name":"Default Palette","value":{"colors":{"f8570":{"val":"var(--tcb-skin-color-3)"}},"gradients":[]},"original":{"colors":{"f8570":{"val":"rgb(19, 114, 211)","hsl":{"h":210,"s":0.83,"l":0.45}}},"gradients":[]}}]}__CONFIG_colors_palette__
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